|The New Zealand is a country in the southwest Pacific. The official languages are Maori and English, but Polynesian languages are also spoken.
|After Labor led the coalition that ruled the country during the Second World War, the ( Conservative ) National Party took power in 1949. Subsequently, these two formations exerted a complete domination of neo-political life. -zélandaise. They swap power until a reform, adopted in 1990, does not favor the emergence of small parties and leads to the formation of the Government ‘s coalition. In response to the crisis of the 1980s, New Zealand liberalize and deregulate its economy. During the 1990s, new agreements also helped to meet, in part, the demands of the Maori minority, which made up about 10% of the population.
In terms of the organization of powers, it is a unitary state. The political system is parliamentary, that is, the government must necessarily have the support of parliament. The electoral system is of the mixed type (with compensation). The right to vote for women was recognized in 1893.
|A member of the Commonwealth and a resolute ally of the United States ,New Zealand participates in alliances formed in the context of the Cold War – Anzus ( Australia , New Zealand , United States ), South Asia Treaty Organization. East (Otase) – to stem the spread of communism .Troops are also sent to Korea between 1950 and 1953, and to Vietnam in the 1960s for the same purpose. However, New Zealanders’ opposition to the proliferation of nuclear weapons, which is becoming increasingly vocal during the 1980s, is causing tensions with the United States. and France . Good relations are restored thereafter, even though New Zealand suspends its participation in Anzus in 1985. In economic terms, this period is characterized by a strong rapprochement with Australia and Asian countries, as a result of the new rules imposed by the entry of Great Britain into the European Economic Community in 1973.
Public opinion according to the World Values Survey (WVS)